Introduction to Herbert Marcuse Herbert Marcuse was a German philosopher closely associated with the Frankfurt school (Radical intellectuals) Marcuse was more of a Marxist wing of the school. First published in 1964, the book was one of the most important works of that time and was recognized as a significant critical diagnosis of the present …
Introduction Talcott Parsons (1902-1979) was a prominent American Sociologist of twentieth century. He served on the faculty of Harvard University from 1921 to 1973. Parsons made a rapid academic progress. He was made chairman of the Harvard Sociology department in 1944; in 1946, he set up and chaired the innovative department of Social relations; in …
When one closely observes a society, s/he may witness various diverse groups in it. Despite these diverse there exists a basic element of unity among the individuals in the society. This phenomenon is called unity in diversity.
The Introduction (The Archaeology of Knowledge) In France, a country that awards its intellectuals the status other countries give to their rockstars, Michel Foucault (1926–1984) was part of a glittering generation of thinkers. One of the great intellectual heroes of twentieth century, Foucault was a man whose passion and reason were at the service of …
The original constitution contained only the fundamental rights and not the fundamental duties. In other words, the framers of the Constitution did not feel it necessary to incorporate the fundamental duties of the citizens in the Constitution.
Fundamental rights are discussed in part III of the Indian constitution. It mentioned the following rights as fundamental that are enjoyed by the citizens of India.
Tribe is generally used for a “socially cohesive unit, associated with a territory, the members of which regard themselves as politically autonomous
System Analysis in Political Science Systems analysis was influenced by the Austrian Canadian biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy and the American sociologist Talcott Parsons. So, it is a variant of structural functionalism used in political science. It is a broad theory about how the various parts and levels of a political system interact with each other. The central or the …
In origin and development of Sociology, two factors played important role. 1) Intellectual Forces (contributions of thinkers; 2) Social Forces (Social conditions prevalent in society).
Behaviouralism or the behavioural approach to analysis and explanation of political phenomena is particularly associated with the work of American political scientists Like Graham Wallas and Arthur Bently. It was Systematically developed by David Easton.
Top Universities in India for Social Sciences like Sociology, Psychology, Political Science etc.
The social institution is a system of beliefs, norms, values, positions and activities that develop around a basic societal need or generally, institutions are patterns of norms that define behaviour in social relationships. Institutions are the pre-defined patterns of conduct established by habitualised human actions.
Community is a term we apply to a pioneer settlement, e.g., a village, a city, a tribe or a nation. Whenever the members of any group (small or large) live together in such a way that they share the basic conditions of common life, we call that group a community.
WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY: Sociology is concerned with human society and human social activities. Auguste Comte, a French thinker, is known as the ‘Father of Sociology’
Sources of the Constitution of India:
Fundamental Rights – US;
DPSP – Ireland;
Fundamental Duties – USSR;
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity – France;
and So On…
Sociology Books For UPSC: To start with one should go for NCERT Books (class 11th and 12th), NIOS Material on Sociology and Selected IGNOU material for specific topics.
The Preamble to the constitution represents the basic philosophy and fundamental values on which the constitution is based. It is an Introduction or key note to the constitution.